First entire virtual Art exhibition sold as an NFT

Updated: Mar 29

The Uncopied Certificate is separate from the NFT, and designed to create long term value, with : proof of governance, digital conversation.


UNCOPIED, July 2021



On 2nd July, a collector acquired EPOCH, “FREEPORT”, 2021; 1/5 for $8,200 USD. This was the first of five limited edition NFT by EPOCH gallery, tokenizing the “FREEPORT” exhibition. In many respects, it was a first :

  • the first entire virtual Art exhibition digitized as a NFT,

  • the first NFT for a collective artwork managed with an Algorand smart contract,

  • the first NFT secured by Uncopied and commercially sold, with its own physical document (certificate of authenticity and collector agreement).

“FREEPORT” is an online virtual exhibition inspired by and modeled after the Luxembourg Freeport. Freeports are unregulated, ultra-secure storage facilities that exist outside of the territorial tax jurisdictions of any country — they’re often used by the uber-rich to hoard significant works of art. Because of their inherent lack of transparency, freeports are nefarious breeding grounds for fraud, money laundering, and tax evasion. There are many similarities that can be made between freeports and non-fungible tokens (NFTs). Both exist in unregulated territories, are constructs of capitalism, and can elicit unsavory practices. With a touch of irony, EPOCH seeks to circumvent these similarities by offering a unique concept for an NFT built upon an ecological, equitable, and sustainable model. The entire virtual exhibition, FREEPORT, is offered as a singular NFT containing a compilation of artworks by the participating artists (featuring the work of Neïl Beloufa, Sarah Rosalena Brady, Alice Bucknell, Juan Covelli, Alexandra Koumantaki, Amanda Ross-Ho, Hirad Sab).

The EPOCH NFT is minted on the climate-friendly Algorand blockchain and sold directly on the EPOCH web site. The revenues split for the collective artwork is managed on-chain with an innovative smart contract. This smart contract is like a 2-stage rocket: it supports the initial sale, as well as secondary resales from one collector to another collector. One royalties structure applies to the initial sale, and an additional royalties structure applies to any future secondary resales (“droit de suite”). Besides the 5 NFTs constituting the limited edition offered on the EPOCH website, each artist and the EPOCH gallery received their own Artist Proof Edition NFT.


Each EPOCH NFT is tied one-to-one with an Uncopied asset, which provides additional security : proof of provenance, collector agreement and long term conservation of the digital assets.

  • The EPOCH NFT is an Algorand Standard Asset (ASA) that is tradable and represents the NFT as a store of value. This is what the collector has purchased from EPOCH. You can see the EPOCH asset’s description here, as well as the initial purchase transactionwith the transfer of crypto-money to the artist’s wallets.

  • The Uncopied token is a non-tradable Algorand Standard Asset (ASA), which links together a collector agreement, artwork metadata (either as a schema.org VisualArtwork, or as a linked.art object) and digital assets. You can see the UNCOPIED asset description here.

Both Algorand Standard Assets (ASA), the EPOCH NFT and the Uncopied token, share the same URL and metadata hashes :

  • https://algoexplorer.io/asset/245558017

  • https://algoexplorer.io/asset/243599509

The Uncopied web page has links to all the IPFS objects,https://api.uncopied.art/c/v/C

  • The certificate of authenticity and collector agreement, which was prepared by Sarah Conley Odenkirk, Partner at Cowan, DeBaets, Abrahams & Sheppard LLPOdenkick ;

  • The artwork’s metadata, modelled as a schema.org VisualArtwork, including provenance information (name of the artists, and their blockchain addresses) ;

  • The other digital objects ‘pinned’ for long term conservation (images, videos, or in the case of EPOCH : a large 6gb data file representing the whole virtual exhibition).

The metadata offers a wealth of information, not just a name, description and a few properties. It ties everything together, then it is sealed by a MD5 hash which is stored on Algorand when the Algorand Standard Asset is minted.

Uncopied is focused on providing a valuable service to the art community,

  • conservation standards for artists and art institutions

  • proof of origin backed by certificates of authenticity and collector agreements

  • standardized and multifaceted metadata

Did you really print a physical certificate document for a NFT?

Yes we did ! We’re not sure yet how this physical documentation will be used. The chirograph is a physical object with a property of unicity, which we attach to the Algorand Standard Asset initially with our own Uncopied ID and the Algorand Asset ID. Eventually, we would like to use Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs), in accordance with standardization work done by AIS - the ArtID Standard Consortium. Chirographs are easy to make and hard to fake. They take just a few minutes to create, yet we see them as a protection against NFT logorrhea. With ecological blockchains like Algorand or Tezos, it’s extermely cheap to ‘mint’ NFTs. We could see a flood of plagiarism and fake NFTs coming in the next few months … Spending a few minutes making this physical object, mail a physical letter with a real stamp to a PO box in France, those are small prices to pay which (we hope) will make Uncopied certified NFTs more valuable than other NFTs.


Printing and cutting the chirographs and collector agreements in Versailles, France 2/2


Printing and cutting the chirographs and collector agreements in Versailles, France 1/2


On this occasion, we printed the legal document and chirographs - of which 2 copies were sent to Peter Wu+. One copy was forwarded to the NFT collector as a physical document.


Pete Wu+ receiving his artist's chirographic proof in Los Angeles, USA


We’re not sure what would or should happen in case of future secondary sales … we still have to figure this out. Should we offer a possibility for the new owner to obtain the certificate from the previous owner? What can of incentive can we put in place for this to happen? We’ll see!


What does Uncopied mean by ‘long term conservation?

The Uncopied certificates are valid for 10 years. The cost of the initial certificate issuance supports the initial conservation cost for 10 years.

A lot can happen in 10 years, but for the Uncopied service to be viable, the business model will need to calibrate future renewal costs based on storage costs, ratio of certificates renewals, and other factors we’ll have measured by then. In parallel, we will work with the NFT and traditional museum community to support an IPFS collaborative cluster for Uncopied digital assets.


When will Uncopied be available for all artists?

We’ve decided to soft-launch our service on 30th June 2021, for a limited number of use cases. If you are an artist, a gallery, a museum - or an IP lawyer, please suggest a convenient time to chat via Calendly. Uncopied is not an online NFT gallery, a marketplace or a DEX : it is a label of authenticity, a proof of provenance, a legally binding promise of unicity, a promise of digital conservation.


We plan to launch our service to the more general use cases in Fall of 2021.




This article was published on UNCOPIED's blog


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